Leading Frameworks to Power Your Front-End Development Zerone Tech Team


The success of a web or mobile application depends on its usability and acceptance among its users. Any enterprise-level application should have an interactive interface that can benefit its users, and front-end development enables enterprises to fulfil this goal. Today, there are many frameworks available in the market to power your front-end development efforts.

This white paper explains the significance of the frameworks that support front-end development, how they help in improving your application’s interface, and make it intuitive and appealing to your users. We will also explore the leading front-end development frameworks in the web and mobile domains.


"You can’t innovate on products without first innovating the way you build them."

Any web or mobile application should be built for its user, and it should be easy to use, modern, solid, intuitive, and user-friendly. The key to the success of your application lies in choosing the effective front-end development framework, since front-end is the point at which your user interacts with your application.

Today, businesses approach front-end development with a lot of expectations; to enhance user experience by improving the interaction, intuitiveness, appearance, performance, and efficiency of their applications. This white paper discusses the significance of front-end development and takes a tour of the leading front-end development frameworks in the market.

What Is Front-End Development?

Front-end refers to everything the user sees, clicks or interacts with, in a web application. It is also termed as “client-side”, referring to the activity happening in the browser. Front-end development is the practice of converting data into graphical interface so that the user can view and interact with the data through digital interaction powered using scripting languages such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript.

Understanding Client-Side Scripting

A web application runs on three major components: the server, the database, and the client.

Client refers to the browser that a person uses to view a web application. This is where the client-side technology is used. Server is at a remote location that hosts the data and runs a web application’s back-end architecture. The server processes the requests and returns the pages to the browser. In other words, client-side scripting is executed by a browser, whereas server-side scripting is executed by a web server.

Front-end (client-side) scripts are embedded in the web application’s HTML markup code that is hosted on the server. The code is compiled to communicate effectively with the browser, and hence is designed to be compatible with the browser. Front-end scripting is evolving to become simpler and easier to use, making the applications faster and more efficient.

Importance of Front-End Frameworks

Front-end technology has evolved rapidly in the past 15 years, especially due to the mounting popularity of JavaScript. The emergence of advanced JS frameworks such as Bootstrap, Angular, React and Backbone has contributed to this trend. With these improvements, businesses have more choice and flexibility to develop highly intuitive, modern, and seamless user experiences.

How front-end technology empowers your business success?

  • Ability to build highly responsive applications: Today's digital landscape is dominated by mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets, and iPads. Most of the current front-end frameworks play a crucial role in developing user-friendly mobile applications. From building responsive mobile applications to enterprise mobility solutions, front-end technology is offering optimized user experience across all devices and channels.
  • Performance optimization:What if an enterprise resource application takes long time to load? It can affect the organization’s productivity, leading to product backlogs, billing issues and other organizational challenges. Speed is a crucial factor behind the success of any application. Front-end frameworks can optimize the overall performance of web applications by reducing the page load-time.
  • Out of the box features: Modern, cutting-edge front-end frameworks enable enterprises to build sophisticated applications with dynamic interfaces. Today, most of the frameworks come with out of the box developer toolkits that help create highly interactive and innovative interfaces, which are stable, fast and consistent.
  • Enhanced Usability: Front-end development frameworks offer the best of form as well as function to enhance the usability of your web application. The ability of modern front-end frameworks to deliver can result in the following advantages:
    • Intuitive interfaces leading to increased user adoption
    • Ease of navigation and enhanced usability
    • Improvement in overall layout and information architecture
    • Superior user interface and user experience elements

Language vs. Framework in Front-End Development

The client-side of nearly every web page on the internet is made up of HTML and CSS. As such, these are the web fundamentals that you cannot ignore in front-end development. In this section, we take a look at the principal client-side programming languages, and then proceed to the leading front-end frameworks in the next section.

Languages are generally used in the context of their frameworks. Hence there is the advantage of working with libraries of pre-packaged, shareable code, and plenty of add-ons. In simple terms, a language is the means through which you write programs. A framework is an assortment of programs that allows you to develop your own applications.

A framework is built on top of a programming language in order to support a certain type of computer program, such as a web server or a mobile application. For example, Angular is a front-end web framework built on top of the JavaScript programming language.

Major Front-End Languages

Following are the three major client-side languages:

  • HTML: The basic language every developer needs to know. HTML determines an application’s organization and content, and annotates every element the user interacts with; such as headers, footers, text displays, appearance of media and images and more. It is the standard markup language of the web where each text document is annotated with a special syntax that determines how the content should be presented. HTML markup is used to describe the structure of a webpage to the browser by using tags 'angle-brackets' . These tags convey the browser how to present page elements like titles, headings, text, and links that are included in the HTML document.
  • CSS: Cascading Style Sheet is a style-sheet language that gives the developer greater control over the webpage elements such as the color, fonts, layout, and overall design. CSS lets developers add styling and effects to a web application. It separates presentation from structure and converts them to style sheets that allows the design to be applied across multiple web pages, customized to suit respective environments. Styles can be added globally, and then layered on, without changing the fundamental styling that gets applied to a whole web application. The latest standard for cascading style sheet named CSS3 addresses a vast number of mobile development challenges and supports responsive mobile design.
  • JavaScript: Today, JavaScript is recognized as the de facto front-end scripting language, since it brings more interactivity into web applications. JavaScript is the most universal client-side script on the web. Currently, almost every application’s front-end is a combination of JavaScript, HTML and CSS. JavaScript is powered by a wide range of frameworks that simplifies it and brings more agility into it. We will be dealing with some of the most popular JS-based front-end frameworks in the coming section of this white paper.

In the world of front-end development, HTML is the organizer, CSS is the stylist and JavaScript is a multitasker.

Leading Frameworks for Front-End Development

If you are looking for a front-end framework to use in your next web/ mobile project, then this section could help you.

Adding on to the previous lines, a front-end development framework refers to a package that includes file structures and folders of standardized code (HTML, CSS, JS documents etc.) that supports the development of a web application. The goal of a framework is to provide a common structure (scaffold) that saves the time and effort of the developers by offering reusable codes.

In the initial days, web applications were simple with static texts, minimal formatting and limited animations. But today, we interact with applications that change every hour. The explosive growth of JavaScript has amplified the scope of front-end development. There are many front-end frameworks in the market. We have listed down a few of them in this white paper.

Frameworks that Support Web and Mobile Development

Following front-end frameworks support both web and mobile application development.

Mobile-Only Frameworks

Following front-end frameworks support mobile app development.

Which Framework Should You Choose?

Now that we have looked at the leading frameworks for front-end web development, we will try to map which framework is the right fit for a particular business scenario.

Here’s what we recommend to our customers:

Points to Consider while Choosing a Front-End Framework

The idea of developing a new application or product can be exciting, but organizations need to face plenty of challenges while deciding upon the right front-end framework to meet their application requirements. Front-end frameworks simplify the development effort of enterprises and enable them to offer a great user experience. Companies prefer one front-end technology over the other for multiple reasons; if some prefer vertical stability, others might look at the core strengths of their development team, availability of support and numerous other factors.

Here we share our insights on how to select the right front-end framework for web development.

The Deciding Factors

Prior to selecting a front-end development framework for your business, analyze the following factors:


Whether you are working in a small or large project, individually or as a team, determining a front-end framework is crucial for the success of your project. Great business ideas need landing gear as well as wings. Leveraging front-end frameworks enables you to develop your digital estate quickly and efficiently, providing a seamless and engaging user experience. Over time, the frameworks that we have discussed in this white paper will evolve, their popularities might vary, and your business requirements will change. Choose a framework which has a more foreseeable future and discover how it’s moving ahead with your research.

About the Author

Zerone Tech Team is a bunch of technology enthusiasts at Zerone Consulting who have hands-on expertise in a vast variety of technologies essential to keep businesses running in the competitive world. The team is committed to perform systematic research on the novel technologies and the dynamic digital trends, and share the insights with the readers.

Zerone Tech Team will enrich you with updates on the latest happenings in IT and also provide thoughtful perspectives.


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